What is video modeling and how it is used in intervention?
Video modeling is an evidence-based practice that uses a video model to teach a targeted skill or to model appropriate behavior. The “performer” in the video may be the individual who is targeted to learn the skill or appropriate behavior, or it may be an “actor” modeling what is to be taught. There are quite a few benefits of using the video modeling technique.
- Treatment integrity – video modeling can be done by support staff who may not be highly trained with a high level of fidelity to what you want to highlight or teach.
- Produced videos can be used with several students working on the same targets.
- Videos can be produced in natural settings where it might be difficult to teach skills.
- Video modeling is a non-intrusive technique.
- Some situations do not allow for enough natural opportunities for the individual to learn the skill.
- Video modeling may reduce the risk of prompt dependence.
- Video modeling capitalizes on Gestalt processing.
To create a successful video for video modeling, first identify a specific behavior or target. Be sure to target only one behavior or target per video (i.e. greeting peers). Develop a written activity plan which will highlight the targeted objective including a script. Pair the video with visual supports (script, social story, pictures, etc.) to underscore the salient information presented in the video clip. Review visual supports prior to viewing the video. View the video daily (more frequently if the student enjoys watching it).
As the video is weaned, the visual supports can be transitioned to support a student through the skill in increasingly natural situations (rehearsal, or to view prior to situations where the sill may be likely to occur).
Refer to the SpeechPathology.com course, 20Q: Social Communication Disorder, for more information on social communication disorder (SCD) including common characteristics, methods for evaluation, differential diagnosis from autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and evidence-based interventions.